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Indian Railways – Compensation for Train Accidents / Untoward Incidents

Indian Railways are liable to pay compensation to rail passengers against death or injury in train ‘accident’as defined under Section 124 of the Railways Act, 1989. Similarly, Railways are also liable to pay compensation against death or injury of rail passengers and platform ticket holders on account of ‘untoward incidents’ as defined under Section 124-A of the Act. Untoward incidents include death or injury on account of commission of a terrorist act, violent attack, robbery, dacoity, rioting, Shootout, arson by any person in train carrying passengers or in the waiting hall, cloak room, reservation or booking office or on any platform or in any other place within the precincts of railway station or accidental falling of any passenger from a train carrying passengers. For claiming compensation the claimants are required to file their claims in Railway ClaimsTribunal.

Compensation for death or parmanent disability is Rs.4 lakhs.

In case of injuries the minimum amount is Rs.32,000/- and maximum is Rs.3.60 lakhs according to the gravity of injury sustained.

The Railway administration gives ex-gratia relief soon after an Accident/Untoward Incident normally at the following rates:

Death Rs.15,000/-
Grievous injury upto 30 days of hospitalization  Rs. 5,000/-
Grievous injury upto further six months of hospitalization  Rs.1,000/- per week or part ther of the period for indoor treatment
Grievous injury upto further six months of hospitalization  Rs.500/- per week or part ther of the period for indoor treatment
Simple injury Rs.500/-
  • The maximum period for which ex-gratia payment is payable to the grievous injured will be 13 months.
  • Payments made as ex-gratia not counted towards the amount decreed by Railway ClaimsTribunal.